We'll look at the goal of converting data into informed instructional decisions - leveraging success with optimal learning experiences in the classroom.
The list of advice provided above by Osborne and Gaebler offers a great starting point and platform for our efforts. Now, let's differentiate between data, which schools have in abundance, and information.
From The Marketing Imagination by Theodore Levitt
"The difference between data and information is that while data are crudely aggregated collections of raw facts, information represents the selective organization and imaginative interpretation of those facts. Information represents the imposition of order, categories, and ideas on the collected data."
We can begin the process of converting data into information by utilizing an expansive view on examining data, as expressed by Roy Rowan in his book, The Intuitive Manager ---
-- rather than employing two ill-fated techniques (below) John Sculley, former CEO of Apple Computer, referenced in his book Odyssey,
Finally, from Shaping the Managerial Mind, by John E. Flaherty, we are cautioned to remember that